Curriculum | Bachelor of Physiotherapy | ELECTRO THERAPY

Bachelor of Physiotherapy- I year

Paper Code – 03050104

Electro Therapy

 

TEACHING HOURS:200

THEORY-100

PRACTICAL-100

THEORY-8O MARKS

PRACTICAL- 80MARKS

TIME: 3 HRS

Note: For Paper setters /Examiners

  • Paper setter is required to set eight questions from the entire syllabus out of which 5 questions is to be attempted, each carrying 16 marks.

 

Course DiscrIPtion

In this course the student will learn the principles, technique, and effects of electrotherapy as a therapeutic modality in the restoration of physical function.

 

COURSE OBJECTIVES

The objective of this course is that after 400 hours of lectures, demonstrations and practicals the student will be able to list the indications and contra indications of various types of electrotherapeutic, demonstrate the different techniques, and describe their effects.

 

Unit Topic Learning Objectives (At the end of the session the student should be able to) Teaching Methodology Teaching Learning Activities Time
I Introductory Physics

 

Describe the basic of Physics which is used in Electrotherapy Modalities,

Explain the electrical supply of Electrotherapy modalities.

1.            To cover basics of Electromagnetic Spectrum: production and its properties, dual nature, Laws governing radiation, depth of penetration, mode of heat & energy transfer.

 

2.            To cover about the basics of Electric energy:  Electricity and its Units, Electron theory, Static and current electricity, Conduction of electricity, Conductors, Insulators, Potential difference& factors affecting it, Resistance & Intensity, Ohm’s Law- Its application to AC & DC currents and uses of Ohm’s law in Physiotherapy, Polar and Chemical effects of electric currents examples in Physiotherapy, Ionization: theory of Ionization, techniques of medical ionization and surgical ionization, uses of ionization in Physiotherapy, EMF: Production of an E.MF by chemical actions, examples and uses in physiotherapy, Joule law & production of heat by Joule’s law its implication in Physiotherapy, Electrical supply in Physiotherapy Department:

a)      Brief outline of main supply of electric current.

b)      Precautions – safety devices, earthing, fuses etc.

Dangers of DC/AC: Short circuits, electric shocks. safety, precautions and First aid & initial management of electric shocks, Electrical and chemical burns their prevention &management.

 

To cover about the basics of Magnetism: Definition, Properties of Magnets, Magnetic effects, Molecular theory of Magnetism, Magnetic fields& magnetic forces, Magnetic effects of an electric field,

Electromagnetic induction and its uses in Physiotherapy department.

Lecture Presentation

 

Chart & Models

 

Students Seminar

12 Hrs.
II Common devices used in electrotherapy modalities Understand the working of different devices used in Electrotherapy Modalities To Cover: Definition, Types, Principle, Construction, Working and  Uses in Physiotherapy of the following  Devices: Condenser, Milli ammeter, Voltmeter, Transformer, Chokes coils, Thermionic valve, Potentiometer, Fuse Lecture Discussion

 

 

Model Presentation

 

6 Hrs.
III Low Frequency current

 

Describe the application of various low frequency current

Identify the types of current to be used in differ conditions

To cover the: Introduction of direct, alternating & modified currents, Physiological and therapeutic effects,  different variations of modified current,  principles of clinical application; indications, contra indications, precautions, operational skill of equipment & patient preparation in the Direct current & Modified current.

To cover the: Iontophoresis -Physical principles, principles of clinical application, different ions and their physiological and therapeutical effects indication, contraindication, precaution, operational skill of equipment and patient preparation

To cover the: Faradic Current wave form, production, physiological and therapeutical effects of classical faradic current, Faradism under pressure, Faradism under tension, Electrical stimuli and normal behavior of nerve and Muscle tissue, Type of lesion and development of reaction of degeneration, Difference between Faradic -long duration Intermittent direct current response, S.D. Curve and its application, Chronaxie, Rheobase& Pulse ratio

·         Pain Gate theories

·         Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulations (TENS):- Types, Principle of clinical application effects & uses, indications, contra indications, precautions, operational skills of equipment & patient preparation.

Lecture Discussion

 

 

Practical Demonstration

 

Poster Presentation

 

 

 

20Hrs.
IV Superficial Heat Describe the various

superficial heating agents

Application of different heating modalities.

To cover the Superficial  Heat

1.      Define heat and temperature (in brief).

2.      Physical effects of heat- (in brief).

3.      Sources of therapeutic heating and its physiological effects.

4.      Paraffin wax bath: composition, Physiological &therapeutical effects, methods of applications, mode of heat transfer, depth of penetration, indications, Contraindications, precautions, operational skills of equipment & patient preparation.

5.      Moist heat: types of. moist heat therapy, Physiological & therapeutical effects, methods of applications, mode of heat transfer, depth of penetration, indications, Contraindications, precautions, operational skills of equipment & patient preparation.

6.      Electrical heating pads &Fluidotherapy: components, application methods, Physiological & therapeutical effects, precautions, operational skills of equipment & patient preparation

Lecture Discussion

 

Practical Demonstration

 

Poster Presentation

 

Group Discussion

 

 

6 Hrs.
V Cryotherapy Explain Cryotherapy,

Describe different methods of application of Cryotherapy.

 

To cover the Cryotherapy:

Therapeutic cold (Cryotherapy) source, biophysical effects, types, therapeutic effects, indications, contraindications, precaution, application techniques and patient preparation.

 

Lecture presentation

 

Group Discussion

 

Poster Presentation

 

Practical Demonstration

4 Hrs.
VI Mechanical Pressure Explain the mechanism of action of Mechanical pressure in prevention and reduction of Oedema.

Describe the method of application of compression therapy

To cover the Mechanical Pressure:

Therapeutic mechanical pressure (Intermittent compression therapy)-principal, biophysical Effects, types, therapeutic effects, indications, contraindication, precautions, operational Skill and patient preparation.

 

Lecture Presentation

 

Poster Presentation

 

Practical Demonstration

 

4 Hrs.
VII High Frequency Currents Describe the heat production by High frequency current

Explain  the selection of different high frequencies current in different musculoskeletal conditions.

To cover the High frequency currents

-production, biophysical effects, types, Therapeutic effects, techniques of application, indication, contraindications, precautions, Operational skills and patient preparation, dosimetery, prescription writing of

SWD ,Pulsed Electromagnetic energy

 

MWD

Long Wave Diathermy

 

Lecture Presentation

 

Poster Presentation

 

Practical Demonstration

 

15 Hrs.

 

VIII Medium Frequency Currents Describe the Medium frequency currents.

Explain the selection of different high frequencies current in different musculoskeletal conditions.

To cover the Medium frequency currents

conceptual framework of medium frequency current therapy, production, biophysical effects, types, therapeutic effects, Techniques of application, indication ,contraindication, precautions, operational skill and patient preparation, prescription writing for IFT and Russian currents

 

Lecture Presentation

 

Poster Presentation

 

Practical Demonstration

 

 

 

 

6  Hrs.
IX High Frequency Sound waves Describe the production of sound waves.

Enumerate different thermal and non thermal effects of sound waves

To cover the High frequency sound waves (ultrasound )-production, biophysical effects, types, Therapeutic effects, techniques of application, indication, contraindications, precautions, operational skill and patient preparation, Dosimetery, prescription writing for therapeutic Ultra sound.

 

 

Lecture Presentation

 

Poster Presentation

 

Practical Demonstration

 

 

4 Hrs.
X Actino therapy Describe different types of electromagnetic rays to be used for therapeutic purposes. To cover the: Actino therapy

Wavelength, frequency, types & sources of generation, techniques of irradiation, physiological and therapeutic effects, indications, contraindications, depth of penetration, dosiometry, precautions, operational skills of equipments and patient preparation in the following:

·         IRR

·         UVR

·         LASER

Lecture Presentation

 

Students Seminar

 

Poster Presentation

 

Practical Demonstration

 

 

13 Hrs.
X1 Advanced Therapeuctic Currents Describe other different types of therapeutic currents and their uses To Cover-

 Basics,Types, production,dosimetry,indications, contraindications,techniques of application of following

1.      Extracorporeal Shock wave therapy

2.       Microcurrents

 

 

 

Lecture Presentation

 

Practical Demonstration

 

 

10

 

PRACTICAL   Teaching Hrs-100

The student of Electrotherapy must be able to demonstrate the use of electrotherapy modalities applying the principles of electrotherapy with proper techniques, choice of dosage parameters and safety precautions.

  1. Identify basic electrical components in electrotherapeutic equipments.
  2. Reading of medical records, indentifying indications and contraindications for electrotherapy.
  3. Stimulation of motor points, stimulation of individual muscle and group muscle
  4. Faradic foot bath, Faradism under pressure.
  5. Plotting SD graph, diagnosis using electro diagnostic test – FG test and SD curve.
  6. Placement of electrodes in TENS & IFT with dosimeter for various indication
  7. Application of Ultrasound for different regions-various methods of application
  8. Demonstrate treatment techniques using SWD, IRR and Microwave diathermy
  9. Demonstrate the technique of UVR exposure for various conditions – calculation of test dose
  10. Calculation of dosage and technique of application of LASER
  11. Technique of treatment and application of Hydrocollator packs, cryotherapy, contrast bath, wax therapy

.

Reference Books:

  1. Clayton’s electrotherapy theory and practice IX Edition by Angela Forester Nigel Palastanga.
  2. Clayton’s electrotherapy theory and practice X Edition by Kitchen &Bazin.
  3. Clinical Electrotherapy by Rogar M. Nelson& Dean P. Currier.
  4. Electrotherapy explained Principles and practice III Edition by John Low&And Reed.
  1. Therapeutic heat and cold by Lehmann.
  2. Principle and practice of Electrotherapy by Joseph Kahn.
  3. Electrotherapy: Clinics in physical therapy- Wolf.