BACHELOR OF PHYSIOTHERAPY-II YEAR
TEACHING HOURS: 50
MAX. MARKS: 80
(At the end of the session the student should be able to)
|1||The multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies
|Describe definition ,scope and importance of multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies.
Definition, scope and importance
Need for public awareness
|2||Natural Resources Renewable and non-renewable resources||Describe various natural resources and role of an individual in conservation of natural resources||To cover Natural resources and associated problems.
(a) Forest resources: Use and over-exploitation, deforestation, case studies. Timber
extraction, mining, dams and their effects on forests and tribal people.
(b) Water resources: Use and over-utilization of surface and ground water, floods,
drought, conflicts over water, dams-benefits and problems.
(c) Mineral resources: Use 2and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and
using mineral resources, case studies.
(d) Food resources: World food problems, changes caused by agriculture and
overgrazing, effects of modern agriculture, fertilizer-pesticide problems, water
logging, salinity, case studies.
(e) Energy resources: Growing energy needs, renewable and non-renewable energy
sources, use of alternate energy sources, case studies.
(f) Land resources: Land as a resource, land degradation, man induced landslides,
soil erosion and desertification.
|Describe concept of an ecosystem including its type characteristic features,structure and functions||cover
Concept of an ecosystem
Structure and function of an ecosystem
Producers, consumers and decomposers
Energy flow in the ecosystem
Food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids
Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure and function of the followingecosystem:
a. Forest ecosystem
b. Grassland ecosystem
c. Desert ecosystem
d. Aquatic ecosystems (ponds streams, lakes, rivers, ocean estuaries)
|4||Biodiversity and its conservation
|Describe concept of biodiversity and its conservation||To cover
Introduction – Definition: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity
Bio geographical classification of India
Value of biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, social, ethical aesthetic andoption values
Biodiversity at global, national and local levels
India as a mega-diversity nation
Hot-spots of biodiversity
Threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man wildlife conflicts
Endangered and endemic species of India
Conservation of biodiversity: In-situ and Ex-situ conservation of biodiversity
|Describe various types of environmental pollution their causes, effects and measures of control.||To cover
Definition,Causes, effects and control measures of:
a. Air pollution
b. Water pollution
c. Soil pollution
d. Marine pollution
e. Noise pollution
f. Thermal pollution
g. Nuclear pollution
|6||Social Issues and the Environment
|Describe the concept social issues and environment||cover
From unsustainable to sustainable development
Urban problems and related to energy
Water conservation, rain water harvesting, watershed management
Resettlement and rehabilitation of people; its problems and concerns. Case studies.
Environmental ethics: Issues and possible solutions
Climate change, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, nuclear accidentsand holocaust. Case studies.
Consumerism and waste products
Environmental Protection Act
Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act
Water (Prevention and control of Pollution) Act
Wildlife Protection Act
Forest Conservation Act
Issues involved in enforcement of environmental legislation
|7||Human Population and the Environment
|Describe the concept of Human population and the Environment||cover
Population growth, variation among nation
Population explosion – Family Welfare Programmes
Environment and human health
HIV / AIDS
-Visit to a local area to document environmental assetsriver/
Visit to a local polluted site – Urban / Rural / Industrial / Agricultural
Study of common plants, insects, birds
Study of simple ecosystems-pond, river, hill slopes, etc (Field work equal to 5 lecture hours)
- A presespective to environmental studues by CP kaushik
- Enviromnental science by G.Tyler