Curriculum | Bachelor of Physiotherapy | ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES | PAPER CODE-03050207

                                                                BACHELOR OF PHYSIOTHERAPY-II YEAR

PAPER CODE-03050207







S.No Topic Learning Objectives

(At the end of the session the student should be able to)

   Teaching Guidelines Methodology Time(Hrs)
1 The multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies


Describe definition ,scope and importance of multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies.



To cover

Definition, scope and importance

Need for public awareness


Lecture Discussion 5
2 Natural Resources Renewable and non-renewable resources Describe various natural resources and  role of an individual in conservation of natural resources To cover Natural resources and associated problems.

(a) Forest resources: Use and over-exploitation, deforestation, case studies. Timber

extraction, mining, dams and their effects on forests and tribal people.

(b) Water resources: Use and over-utilization of surface and ground water, floods,

drought, conflicts over water, dams-benefits and problems.

(c) Mineral resources: Use 2and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and

using mineral resources, case studies.

(d) Food resources: World food problems, changes caused by agriculture and

overgrazing, effects of modern agriculture, fertilizer-pesticide problems, water

logging, salinity, case studies.

(e) Energy resources: Growing energy needs, renewable and non-renewable energy

sources, use of alternate energy sources, case studies.

(f) Land resources: Land as a resource, land degradation, man induced landslides,

soil erosion and desertification.
Role of an individual in conservation of natural resources.
Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles.



Lecture Discussion


Students seminars


Group discussion

3 Ecosystems


Describe concept of an ecosystem including its type characteristic features,structure and functions cover
Concept of an ecosystem
Structure and function of an ecosystem
Producers, consumers and decomposers
Energy flow in the ecosystem
Ecological succession
Food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids
Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure and function of the followingecosystem:

a. Forest ecosystem

b. Grassland ecosystem

c. Desert ecosystem

d. Aquatic ecosystems (ponds streams, lakes, rivers, ocean estuaries)

Lecture Discussion


Students seminars


Group discussion

4 Biodiversity and its conservation


Describe concept of biodiversity and its conservation To cover
Introduction – Definition: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity
Bio geographical classification of India
Value of biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, social, ethical aesthetic andoption values
Biodiversity at global, national and local levels
India as a mega-diversity nation
Hot-spots of biodiversity
Threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man wildlife conflicts
Endangered and endemic species of India
Conservation of biodiversity: In-situ and Ex-situ conservation of biodiversity
Lecture Discussion 5
5 Environmental Pollution


Describe various types of environmental pollution their causes, effects and measures of control. To cover
Definition,Causes, effects and control measures of:

a. Air pollution

b. Water pollution

c. Soil pollution

d. Marine pollution

e. Noise pollution

f. Thermal pollution

g. Nuclear pollution
Solid waste management: Causes, effects and control measures of urban and

industrial wastes.
Role of an individual in prevention of pollution
Pollution case studies
Disaster management: floods, earthquake, cyclone and landslides


Lecture Discussion


Students seminars


Group discussion

6 Social Issues and the Environment


Describe the concept social issues and environment cover
From unsustainable to sustainable development
Urban problems and related to energy
Water conservation, rain water harvesting, watershed management
Resettlement and rehabilitation of people; its problems and concerns. Case studies.
Environmental ethics: Issues and possible solutions
Climate change, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, nuclear accidentsand holocaust. Case studies.
Wasteland reclamation
Consumerism and waste products
Environmental Protection Act
Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act
Water (Prevention and control of Pollution) Act
Wildlife Protection Act
Forest Conservation Act
Issues involved in enforcement of environmental legislation
Public awareness


Lecture Discussion 10
7 Human Population and the Environment


Describe the concept of Human population and the Environment cover

Population growth, variation among nation

Population explosion – Family Welfare Programmes

Environment and human health

Human Rights

Value Education

Women and Child Welfare
Role of Information Technology in Environment and Human Health
Case Studies


Lecture Discussion 5
8 Field Work



-Visit to a local area to document environmental assetsriver/


Visit to a local polluted site – Urban / Rural / Industrial / Agricultural

Study of common plants, insects, birds

Study of simple ecosystems-pond, river, hill slopes, etc (Field work equal to 5 lecture hours)







books recommended:

  1. A presespective to environmental studues by CP kaushik
  2. Enviromnental science by G.Tyler