Bachelor of Physiotherapy- II Year
Paper Code – 03050201
Note: For Paper setters / Examiners
- Paper setters required to set 6 questions from the entire syllabus.
- Student will be required to attempt four questions out of six carrying ten marks each.
Course Objective:-at the end of the course, the student will be able to
- Acquire the knowledge of concepts of cell injury and changes Produced thereby in different tissues and organs; Capacity of the body in healing Process.
- Recall the Etio-pathological effects and the Clinico pathological Correlation of common infection and noninfectious diseases.
- Acquire the knowledge of concepts of Neoplasia with reference to the Etiology, gross and microscopic features diagnosis and prognosis in different tissues and organs of the body.
- Correlate normal and altered .morphology of different organ systems in different diseases needed for understanding disease process and their clinical significance (with special emphasis on neuro-musculoskeletal and cardio-respiratory system).
- Acquire knowledge of common immunological disorders and their resultant effects on the human body.
- Understand in brief, about the Hematological diseases and their resultant effects on the human body.
(At the end of the session the student should be able to)
|Describe concepts of cell injury and changes produced thereby in different tissues and organs||To cover
a) Cell injury- causes, mechanisms with special reference Physical, Chemical and toxic injury and ionizing radiation.
b) Reversible cell injury’ (degenerations)-types, morphologycellular swelling, fatty change.
c) Intracellular accumulations -hyaline change and mucoid,change.
d) Irreversible cell injury, types of necrosis, apoptosis, Gangrene: types and etiopathogenesis,
e) Pathological calcification-dystrophic and metastasis, pathogenesis and morphology
f) Extra- cellular accumulation-amyloidosis.
g) Pigments and pigmentations
|Inflammation and Repair||Describe the inflammation process and wound healing at various sites including bones, nerves and muscles||To cover
|3||Immun Pathology (Basic concepts)
|Describe the basic concept of immune system and organ transplantation||To cover
a)Immune system: – organization, cell- Antibodies- Regulations of immune responses. or
c)Secondary immune deficiency including HIV
|Describe the different types of disturbances in circulatory system||To cover
a. Edema- pathogenesis, Types, transudate, exudates.
b. Chronic venous congestion- lung, liver and spleen .
c. Thrombosis- formation fate and effects .
d. Embolism- types clinical effects
e. Infarction- types, common sites.
f. Shocks- Pathogenesis, Types, morphologic changes.
|5||Growth Disturbance||Describe the Neoplasia with reference to the etiology ,gross and microscopic features diagnosis and prognosis in different tissues and organs of the body||To cover
a. Atrophy-malformation, agenesis, dysplasia.
b. Neoplasia- classification, histogenesis, biologic behavior, differences between benign & malignant tumors.
c. Malignant neoplasm- grades, stages, local invasion &distal spread.
d. Carcinogenesis- environmental carcinogensis
i) Chemical, viruses, radiations.
iv) Heredity and miscellaneous factors.
e. Precancerous lesions & carcinoma in situ.
f. Tumor & host interactions- systemic effects- metastasis or spread of tumors especially affecting bones, spinal cord leading to paraplegia etc.
|6||Diseases of Blood
|Describe the hematological diseases and their resultant effects on the human body||To cover
a) Red cell disorders, anemia, polycythemia.
b) Non Neoplastic disorders and neoplastic proliferation of white cell.
c) Bleeding Disorders: – DIC, Thrombocytopenia, coagulation Disorders.
|7||Topics in Special Pathology||Describe morphology of different organ systems in different diseases needed for understanding disease process and their clinical significance||To cover
a. Cardio Vascular system: – Atherosclerosis, Ischemic heart disease- (Myocardial infarctions)-Pathogenesis, pathology, hypertension, congestive cardiac Failure, Rheumatic heart diseases and Peripheral vascular diseases.
b. Respiratory System: – COPD, pneumonia (lobar, broncho& viral), Tuberculosis: – primary and secondary, morphologic types, pleuritis, Complications, lung collapses & atelectasis.
c. Neuropathology:- reaction of nervous tissue to injury infection& Ischemia pyogenic tuberculous and viral meningitis, cerebrovascular diseases, Atherosclerosis, thrombosis, embolism, aneurysm, hypoxia infarction & hemorrhage,effects of Hypotension on CNS,
d. Bone & joints:-Fracture healing, osteomyelitis, rickets, osteomalacia, bone tumors, osteoporosis, spondylosis, PID, haemarthrosis, gout, T.B. Arthritis, degenerative and inflammatory Arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, Ankylosis spondylitis, tenosynovitis.
e. Hepatic diseases:- Jaundice
|8||Clinical pathology||To understand and describe the clinical implications of Anemia,total leucocyte, differential leucocyte count,Deficiency disorders of vitamin A,B,C,D||To cover
Anemias, total leucocyte count, differential leucocyte count, eosinophilia, ESR, C P K, Deficiency disorders of vitamin A,B,C,D
- Text book of pathology by Harsh Mohan
- Basic pathology by cotran Kumar Robbins