Curriculum | Bachelor of Physiotherapy | PHYSIOTHERAPY IN ORTHOPEDIC CONDITIONS | Paper Code-03050402


Paper Code-03050402



                                                                                                                        THEORY: 200HR

                                                                                                            PRACTICAL: 100HR




Note: For Paper setters /Examiners

  • Paper setter is required to set eight questions from the entire syllabus out of which 5 questions is to be attempted, each carrying 16 marks.



This course serves to integrate the knowledge gained by the students in Clinical Orthopaedics, with the skills gained in exercise therapy, electrotherapy and massage, thus enabling them to apply these in clinical situations of dysfunction due to musculoskeletal pathology.


S NO. TOPIC Learning Objectives (At the end of the course the student shall be able to) Content METHODOLOGY Time (Hrs)
1 Traumatology

1.Specific fractures and their physiotherapeutic management.

2.Soft tissue injuries


Describe the traumatology bony tissues, specific fracture and soft tissue injuries To cover the review of the following condition and various management aims, physiotherapeutic intervention and technique of physiotherapy in the following conditions


Fracture and dislocations: Classification and type of  displacement, method of immobilization, healing of fractures and factors affecting union, non union, delayed Union etc., common sites of fractures and their general physiotherapeutic management.

·               Upper limb: Clavicle, humerus, ulna, radius, crush injuries of hand.

·               Lower Limb: fracture neck of femur, shaft of femur, patella, tibia fibula, pott’s fracture, fracture of tarsal and metatarsals.

·               Spine: fracture and dislocations of cervical, thoracic and lumbar vertebrae with and without neurological deficits.


·               Synovitis and Capsulitis.

·               Tendonitis and other tendon injuries around wrist, elbow, knee,       shoulder, ankle.

·               Bursitis, volkman’s ischemic contracture.

·               Tear of semilunar cartilage, menisectomy.

·               Injury to cruciate ligaments of knee.Internal derangement of knee.

·               And other overuse injuries important for a Physiotherapist.



Lecture discussion

Case presentation


Teachers seminar


Problem based learning

2 Surgical Procedures


Corrective Surgeries



Describe the surgical procedure of various mentioned condition  

To cover Pre and post operative physiotherapy management of common corrective procedure like arthroplasty, arthrodesis, osteotomy, patellectomy, tendon transplants, soft tissue release, grafting, including post polio residual paralysis and leprosy deformities corrections.

Amputation: Level of amputation of upper limb and lower limb, stump care, stump bandaging, Pre and post operative physiotherapy management, pre and post prosthetic management including check out of prosthesis, training etc.


Lecture discussion


Visit to OPD/IPD


Case Discussion


3 Deformities


Describe the various deformities clinical and PT management  To cover Etiology, pathology, clinical presentation, diagnostic criterion general, orthotic and Physiotherapy Management of the following: Congenital torticollis, Cervical rib, CTEV, Pescavus, Pesplanus and other common congenital deformities, Scoliosis, Increased and decreased Kyphosis, increased & decreased Lordosis, Coxavara, Genu valgum, Genu varum and recurvatum.


Lecture discussion

Case presentation


Students seminar


Poster presentation

4 Degenerative and infective conditions:


Describe the various degenerative and infective condition  To cover Etiology, pathology, clinical presentation, diagnostic  criterion, general, orthotic, and Physiotherapy Management of the following:

Osteoarthritis of major joints, Spondylosis, Spondylitis, Spondylolisthesis, retrolisthesis, spinal stenosis, PIVD, Periarthritis of shoulder, Tuberculosis of spine, bone and major joints, and other miscellaneous orthopaedic conditions treated by Physiotherapy.


Lecture discussion

Case presentation


Vertical Integerated Teaching

5 Arthritis and Allied conditions :


Describe the various arthritis and allied condition  To cover Etiology, pathology, clinical presentation, diagnostic criterion general, orthotic, and      Physiotherapy Management of the following:

·               Osteo- Arthritis-generalized, Degenerative and traumatic.

·               Rheumatoid Arthritis, Still’s disease, infective Arthritis

·               Spondylitis, ankylosing spondylitis.

·               Non articular Rheumatism, Fibrositis, trigger point, fibromyalgia,       Perthes disease, Ganglion, Duputyren’s contracture


1.      Etio pathogenesis and physiotherapy and general management of the Edema-Traumatic, Obstructive, position dependent and Paralytic,

2.      Deficiency disease- Rickets, Osteomalacia, Osteoporosis and other deficiency disorders related to Physiotherapy their clinical presentation, etio pathogenesis, management strategies including physiotherapy interventions.


Lecture discussion

Case presentation


Vertical Integerated teaching


Problem based learning


Poster presentation

6 Practical


Explain various condition  during clinical postings 1.      Includes Clinical hours on patient examination and Physiotherapy intervention under supervision on the various conditions as outline in the syllabus.

2.      Includes case presentations emphasizing on differential diagnosis and clinical reasoning skills

3.      Practical demonstration of basic principles of physiotherapy assessment, functional assessment and application of physiotherapy in orthopeadics conditions.

Case study

Demonstration on patient in OPD&IPD




   Books Recommended:

  1. textbook orthopedics and Rheumatology for physiotherapists –

Downie -Jaypee brothers.

  1. Tidy’s physiotherapy- Tomsonet. al Butterworth Heinmann
  2. Essentials of orthopedics and applied physiotherapy – Joshi and kotwal- B.L. Churchill
  3. Tetraplegia & Paraplegia- Bromley- W.B. Saunders.
  4. Orthopedics physiotherapy- Donatelli&VVooden- WB. Saunders.
  5. Rheumatological Physiotherapy- David – Mosby
  6. Orthopaedic Physiotherapy- Tids well – Mosby
  7. Physiotherapy for amputee- Engstrom& Van de van – Churchill Livingsstone
  8. Sports Injuris: Diagnosis and management: Norris Butterworth Heinmann