Curriculum | Master of Physiotherapy (MPT) | APPLIED BIOMECHANICS & ERGONOMICS

APPLIED BIOMECHANICS & ERGONOMICS

Paper code-

TEACHING HOURS: 120

THEORY: 80 MARKS

TIME: 3 HRS

 

S.  No Contents of the Topic Learning Objectives (At the end of the course the student shall be able to) Teaching Guideline Methodology Time
1.      Fundamental Mechanics To understand and demonstrate the basic fundamental of physical mechanics and their relevance to human body. To Cover

·         Forces; composition and resolution of forces; force systems, Force of gravity and COG, Stability, Reaction forces, Friction, Moments, Newton’s laws

·         Equilibrium: static and dynamic

·         Simple Machines: Levers. pulleys and wheel and axle, Segmental dimensions

·         Poisson’s effect Static and cyclic load behaviors

·         Load: Load sharing and load transfer

Demonstration of techniques

Practical Demonstration

Case Presentation

SIS

Student seminar.

5
2.      Muscle Mechanics To understand the basic types, structure and composition of muscles.

 

To understand the biomechanical properties muscles and their clinical significance.

To Cover

·         Structure and composition of muscle

·         Fiber length and cross-section areas

·         Mechanical properties

·         EMG chances during fatigue and contraction

·         Changes in mechanical properties because of aging, exercise and immobilized of immobilization

·         Clinical applications

Teacher seminar

Power point presentation.

SIS

6
3.      Ligament and Tendon Mechanics To understand the basic structure of ligaments and tendons and their biomechanical relevance. To Cover

·         Structure, composition and mechanical properties

·         Cross-sectional area measurement

·         Muscle tendon properties

·         Temperature sensitivity

·         Changes in mechanical properties because of aging, exercise and immobilization

·         Mechanoreceptors

·         Clinical application

·         Bone Mechanics

Teacher seminar

Power point presentation

Student seminar

SIS

6
4.      Bone Mechanics To understand the basic structure of bone and its biomechanical importance. To Cover

·         Structure and composition of bone

·         Stress Strain

·         Modulus of Rigidity & Modulus of elasticity

·         Mechanical properties of Trabecular system

·         Mechanical properties of Cortical bone

·         Bone Remodeling

·         Response of bone to aging & exercise & immobilization

·         Mechanics to prevent fracture in bone

·         Clinical application

Teacher seminar

Power point presentation

SIS

6
5.      Joint Mechanics To understand about the Joints and its functions biomechanically.

 

To illustrate the effect of any disease or degenerative changes of joints and bones over joint function.

To Cover

·         Joint design

·         Joint categories

·         joint functions: Arthrokinematics, Osteokinematics and kinematics chains

·         Joint Forces, equilibrium and distribution of these forces

·         Degenerative changes in weight bearing joints and compensatory actions

·         Joint stability and its mechanisms Clinical

·         Clinical applications

Teacher seminar

Power point presentation

SIS

6
6.      Measurement Instruments To demonstrate various instruments and their clinical variables used to check biomechanical deviations. To Cover

·         Photo-optical devices

·         Pressure transducers and Force Plates

·         Gait Analyzer

·         Isokinetic device

·         EMG (Electro physiology of muscle contraction, recording. processing

·         Relationship between EMG and Biomechanical Variables

Demonstration of techniques

Practical Demonstration

Horizontal integrated teaching.

SIS

12
7.      Mechanical energy, Work and Power To understand the correlation between work, power and energy expenditure by muscles. To Cover

·         Definitions

·         Positive and negative muscles work

·         Muscle mechanical power

·         Causes of inefficient, movement co-contractions, Isometric contractions, against gravity jerky movement, energy generation at one joint and absorption at another, energy flow.

·         Energy Storage

Student seminar

Teacher seminar

 

SIS

5
8.      Gait To illustrate the basic gait pattern.

To analyse various pathological gaits and its causes.

 

To Cover

·         Gait parameter: kinetic, kinematics, time-space

·         Pathological gait

·         Running

·         Stair climbing

·         Changes in gait following various surgeries/ diseases/disorders

Demonstration

Case Presentation SIS

Teacher seminar

22
9.      Patho-mechanics To demonstrate the biomechanical changes due to certain pathology in different systems of body. To Cover

·         Bone and Joint Patho-mechanics

·         Neural Patho-mechanics

·         Cardio Patho-mechanics

·         Pulmonary Patho-mechanics

·         Vascular Patho-mechanics

Student seminar

Teacher seminar

tutorial

SIS

22
10.  Ergonomics To understand the basic ergonomic care.

 

To implement the ergonomics to be taken in different fields of work accordingly.

To Cover

·         Definitions

·         Physiological and bio-mechanical risk factors

·         Job design

·         Developing and implementing work site programme

·         Ergonomics in home : child care and leisure activities

·         Addressing problems at computer workstation

Practical Demonstration

SIS

Student seminar

Teacher seminar

Tutorial

 

10
11.  Biomechanics of Respiration To understand biomechanical correlation of muscles and organs while respiration To Cover

·         Biomechanics of respiratory system

Demonstration of techniques

Practical Demonstration

SIS

Tutorial

10
12.  Biomechanics of Nervous System To understand the biomechanical correlation of muscles and neural system. To Cover

·         Biomechanics of neuromuscular system

Practical Demonstration

SIS

10

 

Reference books

  • Introduction to kinesiology/Hoffman, Shirf
  • Kinesiology: the Mechanics &Pathomechanics of human
  • Movementlby Carol A. Oatis. / Oatis, Carol A.
  • Joint Structure and Function Cynthia Norkins
  • Joint Structure and Function: a comprehensive analysis/Levangie, Pamela K
  • Fundamentals of Biomechanics, Orkaya, N
  • Ergonomics for Therapists: Karen Jacobs Carl M, Bl;tlencour!